Pepin the Short was the first King of the Franks under the Carolingian dynasty. As you may know, the Franks eventually evolved into modern-day France. His brother and himself succeeded their father Charles Martel, to become mayors of the palace. Soon, Pepin gained permission from Pope Zachary to depose the current king, and take the throne. Pepin soon began military conquests, going to war with the King of the Lombards, Aistulf. Through military might, he forced the Lombards to return land to the church. Pepin’s close ties with the Catholic Church lead to his son gaining an imperial coronation, which many see as the beginning of the Holy Roman Empire.